Pirot

Sunny side of Serbia


Sunčana strana SrbijePirot is located almost in the center of the Balkans, halfway between Niš and Sofia, between the Pannonian Plain in the Danube region and the Thracian Plain at the very edge of Europe, on the shortest route to Asia.
By the size of its area, it is one of the largest municipalities in Serbia, while the town itself is situated in the valley of the Nišava. The area itself is surrounded by Stara Planina (Old Mountain) with its highest peak Midžor at 2169 meters above sea level, which is located on the territory of Pirot municipality as well as the edges of Vlaška and Suva mountains.

The old Roman road known as Via Militaris (military road) used to pass through this area, later called the Empress’s road. The town itself, passing through different time periods, used to have different names. During the Roman Empire in the third and fourth centuries, its name was TURRES (tower), among other names were: Pyrgos, Thurib, Momčilov Grad (Momčilo's Town), Kale and Tvrđava (Fortress). The results of an archaeological survey of the middle part of Pirot suggest that at this place there was a village 5,000 years ago. Further research in the area of the old town has also revealed other traces from Eneolithic and Iron Age, then from the period of Antiquity, early Byzantium and the Middle Ages.
The river Nišava divides Pirot into two parts. On the left bank is the part called Pazar, while the one on the right is called Tijabara. Both parts have old Orthodox Churches, the Orthodox Church from the 19th century in Tijabara and the church of Nativity from the 18th century in Pazar.
Due to a large number of people who spared money in order to go to Jerusalem for pilgrimage, as well as a large number of monasteries and churches, Pirot is known as “Little Jerusalem”.
To gain a true picture of Pirot you need to know its people, culture, language, folklore, natural environment and the inevitable Old Mountain, whose biggest, most interesting and most beautiful part is located just here.